(Bloomberg)- Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan agreed to
complete studies within six months on the impact of an Ethiopian
hydropower dam on the main tributary of the Nile river after
Egypt raised concern about water shortages.
A committee of four experts from each nation will
investigate the hydrological, social and environmental effects
of the $4.2 billion Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, Ethiopia’s
Foreign Ministry said on its website today. International
consultants will implement the findings, it said. Foreign
experts will help settle any disputes. The dam is scheduled to
be finished in 2017.
Egypt, which relies on the world’s longest river for almost
all its water, has said that it will suffer shortages while the
dam’s reservoir is filled and during operation of a 6,000-megawatt power station. Ethiopia says the project will not
significantly harm Sudan or Egypt and is based on a principle of
“equitable utilization” of the Nile basin.
A panel of specialists, including four international
experts, concluded last year that the additional studies were
needed to assess the dam’s impact on the Nile’s flow and the
region. Ethiopia and other upstream African nations say that
Egypt’s historic legal claims to a majority of the river’s flow
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